Mercaptans in crude oil – Here we explain what they are, how they are measured and how they can be removed to meet pipeline specs. Treating mercaptans is more complicated than H2S. At Q2 Technologies we regularly remove mercaptans from crude oil and condensate using both our Pro3® and ProM®chemistries. By removing mercaptans we help producers meet pipeline requirements and help traders meet contract specifications for crude sold to refiners.
On Saturday morning at 10:00 am we got a call from a customer. The customer requested 7 truckloads of Enviro-Solve® Pro3®to be delivered during Saturday and Sunday. 750,000 barrels of crude oil were to be loaded to an Aframax vessel at a Gulf terminal. The oil had higher levels of mercaptans than anticipated. We were able to coordinate our manufacturing and logistics teams to ensure timely manufacture and delivery of our non-amine/non-glyoxal mercaptans scavenger for crude oil applications Enviro-Solve® Pro3®. Our dedicated fleet of trucks allowed us to respond quickly and finish the project in 36 hours.
While only a few months ago the Permian was facing a shortage of pipeline capacity, thousands of miles from West Texas to the Gulf Coast's massive new export terminals have been completed. Permian Basin producers currently pump 4.72 million barrels a day while pipeline takeaway capacity is 6 million barrels a day and growing. It is expected that oil production in the Permian Basin will increase around 1 million barrels yearly, to reach 8 million barrels a day in 2023. What does this mean for independent producers, midstream operators, Permian Basin inhabitants, oilfield service companies, refiners, overseas clients?
As we begin 2020, we at Q2 Technologies want to wish you the best while also helping you meet your goals, get more for your barrel and making sure we continue to offer the best in H2S removal. Whether it is logistic savings, safer working conditions, or environmentally sound products, we are here for you.
Q2 Technologies, a specialized chemical company, adds Philip Weigand as Vice President of Business Development to their growing team. Weigand brings over ten years of business development experience in the Upstream and Midstream business. His responsibilities will be to grow the established business for Q2 Technologies, an expert in H2S and mercaptan removal solutions. Q2 Technologies specializes in increasing the value of crude oil barrels by offering several solutions: Pro3® line of non-triazine H2S scavengers and ProM® line of non-triazine mercaptan scavengers for crude oil applications. The Pro3® /ProM® technologies currently treat over 6 million barrels of crude oil and condensate each month at major pipelines and terminals in the US.
Chartering of very large crude carriers, or VLCCs, to ferry oil from the US Gulf Coast to Asia has increased $5 a barrel. This is about twice the price before the attacks in Saudi Arabia. The increase has raised the price of US oil sold overseas at a time when Japan, South Korea and India are replacing the lost deliveries from Saudi Arabia and increasing their stockpiles to buffer against further supply disruptions. It is as important as ever to protect the value of your barrels by using our Pro3® non amine H2S scavenger.
The flexibility of existing producers to increase output and put to work spare capacity is being tested under the current conditions. Additionally, the capacity to extract the oil stored by the SPR and treat it quickly will also determine how fast the market recovers from the drone attack and its long term effect on oil prices. Q2 Technologies regrets the damage on Aramco’s facilities and is ready to help treat oil to remove H2S with Pro3®. Contact us today to discuss how we can help you treat any stored stocks or how to treat your oil at the wellhead.
The oil being sold by the US Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) contains toxic levels of hydrogen sulfide (H2S), a damaging pollutant commonly found in crude oil that results in corrosion of pipelines and raises safety concerns for workers who may inhale the poisonous gas. According to Q2 Technologies, leading developer of H2S removal solutions, this is completely avoidable by proper implementation of Pro3®, a technology that uses safe chemicals to transform the toxic substance into a non-toxic water soluble byproduct. Exxon Mobil, Royal Dutch Shell, Macquarie Group, and PetroChina have faced unexpected challenges stemming from high H2S levels in oil purchased from the Department of Energy's SPR last fall.
Managing H2S is a challenge at every stage of gas operations. H2S mitigation techniques are implemented in order to preserve the environment, take care of workers, avoid corrosion and bad smells, and protect the value of products. In selecting a gas sweetening process, responsible engineers need to consider many variables such as gas stream pressure, impurities present in the feed gas, composition of the acid gas and quantity of sulphur to be removed. H2S mitigation technologies are not mutually exclusive and a combination of techniques might be used.
Once H2S testing has been performed (see blog posts on sampling and testing), it is necessary to mitigate its impacts and bring the crude oil to the desired specifications. There are mechanical/operational (physical), biological and chemical mitigation techniques from which engineers choose according to crude characteristics, H2S concentration, economic considerations, and other variables. Hydrogen sulfide is not found in isolation but together with methane, hydrogen and higher hydrocarbons, and traces of nitrogen-, oxygen-, calcium-, and metal- containing species which complicate the selection of the most suitable H2S mitigation technique. In this article we discuss the multiple H2S removal techniques commonly used in crude oil.